The Differences Between Acute and Post Acute Withdrawal

In simple terms, the primary difference between acute and post acute withdrawal is the severity and potential consequences of related symptoms. As the key words indicate, acute withdrawal is generally more severe than post-acute withdrawal. However, both conditions are in actuality different stages of the disease of addiction: first comes active addiction, followed by cessation and acute withdrawal and finally transitioning to post acute withdrawal. Although part of the same disease, these conditions should be made distinct to addicts and those in recovery and the people who support them.

Primary Difference: Risk of Serious Medical Complications

The most important difference between acute and post acute withdrawal is the potential consequences of symptoms that may arise. During acute withdrawal syndrome or AWS, symptoms can be severe; in fact, symptoms of detox and withdrawal from some drugs can cause life-threatening complications. These include alcohol, (Louis A. Trevisan, M.D., Nashaat Boutros, M.D., Ismene L. Petrakis, M.D., and John H. Krystal, M.D. Complications of Alcohol Withdrawal National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) benzodiazepines (Lann MA, Molina DK, A Fatal Case of Benzodiazepine Withdrawal National Center for Biotechnology Information) and barbiturates. For some people withdrawing from these substances can cause seizures, respiratory depression, heart attack, coma, delirium tremens and rarely, death.

While post acute withdrawal symptoms do not generally pose risk of death or even serious medical symptoms, the condition does cause severe disruptions in the lives of many people in recovery. In some cases symptoms may require medication in order to successfully manage, while in others a healthy diet and plenty of exercise allow for a strong recovery plan. In fact, some people in recovery report little to no PAWS symptoms at all.

Acuity of Urge to Abuse Substances

One of the most troubling symptoms of both AWS and PAWS is a strong, compelling desire to use drugs or drink again. These types of powerful feelings are strongest during the early stages of clinical withdrawal and slowly taper off over a period of about 5 days to 2 weeks. After this time drug or alcohol cravings may still arise and they may even be consistently present, however, they are rarely as compelling during PAWS as during AWS.

However, like AWS, the desire to abuse drugs is often at its peak during the early stages of PAWS and slowly lessens over time. This is one of the reasons that most people attend treatment in the following manner:

Stage 1: Immediate drug abuse cessation and resulting clinical withdrawal, with potential for serious medical complications. Treatment consists in most cases of a professional detox program lasting for 5 to 10 days.

Stage 2: Upon completion of detox (drugs are no longer in the person’s system) patients attend longer-term treatment, during which time post acute withdrawal symptoms set in. These symptoms theoretically are at their worst levels during this time. Most rehab programs post-detox are around 30-90 days in duration, by which time the severity of PAWS symptoms should have subsided enough to safely permit the person to reintegrate with their communities. (Wexner Medical Center, Ohio State University Post Acute Withdrawal Syndrome)

Stages of the Same Disease

In reality there is little true difference between acute withdrawal and post withdrawal: they are both part of the disease of addiction. In the early days of recovery, symptoms are at their most severe points. As recovery progresses, symptoms lessen, gradually shifting away from physical symptoms, and instead transitioning into longer-term mental and emotional symptoms. While these symptoms may not prompt the need for serious medical care, they do cause many addicts to relapse and thereby start the entire cycle all over again.

Ultimately, addiction is the disease and AWS and PAWS are merely stages. Unfortunately, few addicts recognize or appreciate the difference, and therefore many are unprepared, do not have the proper expectations, do not work a daily recovery program and subsequently doom themselves to relapse. If this sounds like you or someone you love, the time to act is now. Each progressive relapse episode is generally more severe and damaging than the last as a result of what is known as the Kindling Effect, so there’s not a moment to waste.

The Novitec Ferrari F12Berlinetta With 700+ HP and 3 Piece Wheels

In 2015, Ferrari unveiled the new F12Berlinetta super car to replace its aging Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano grand touring super car. The same front-mid engined, rear-wheel drive layout was carried over and improved upon with brand new technology, a more refined chassis, and even better performance, wrapped in a redesigned shell. With the new super car being so new to the market, there have not been any upgrade programs or modifications available for owners until Novitec Rosso introduced its new performance package with engine tuning, chassis upgrades, 3 piece wheels, and interior refinements.

Compared to its successor, the Ferrari F12Berlinetta features a larger, more powerful 6.3-liter, naturally-aspirated V-12 engine that produces 640 horsepower. The team at Novitec Rosso thought that the factory output just wasn’t enough and developed a new set of upgrades that greatly increased power. Instead of creating an all-out engine upgrade program that modified the inside of the engine, the German tuning company focused mainly on bolt-on upgrades to send more power to the rear 3 piece wheels. The 6.3-liter engine was fitted with a new sport air intake system, a new exhaust with steering wheel-adjustable butterfly valves, and an ECU tune that optimizes the ignition, timing, fuel injection, and pushes back the engine redline to 8,900 RPM.

The result of the engine upgrades is an astonishing 763 horsepower (545 kW) at 8,500 RPM and 518 lb-ft. (703 Nm) at 6,300 RPM. This enables the Italian super car to accelerate to 62 mph in less than 3.1 seconds and reach a top speed of over 345 km/h (214 mph), making it both the fastest and most powerful Ferrari on the market.

In order to reliably be able to put all of that power to the ground without constantly losing traction, the Novitec Rosso team had to upgrade the chassis and add 3 piece wheels. For better handling and an optimum center of gravity, a set of sport springs were installed that reduce the ride height by 40 mm at the front and rear axles. A new hydraulic lift system was also installed to raise the front axle by 40 mm to overcome speed bumps and parking ramps, and automatically lowers at 80 km/h. A new set of 3 piece wheels were fitted in a 9.5J x 21 front and 12J x 22 rear staggered setup and equipped with 255/30 ZR 21 and 335/25 ZR 22 Pirelli high-performance tires to improve overall grip and handling properties.

Novitec Rosso also allows for customers to add interior options in leather, alcantara, and carbon fiber for a custom look. The exterior can be fitted with black tail lights and side markers that are the only other visual modification besides the 3 piece wheels.

Signs and Symptoms of Teen Drug Abuse

Teenagers are highly susceptible to drug abuse. Unaware of the risks associated, teens initiate and continue drug abusing habits risking their precious lives. Parents should keep an eye on their children and looks for signs and symptoms of drug abuse to save them from this harmful habit.

Following are warning signs and symptoms that indicate teen drug abuse:

Physical and health issues:

Intake of drugs by teens, mostly affects the brain. The brain is still in a developing stage till the age of 25 years. Therefore, when teens use harmful drugs like nicotine, cocaine, marijuana, ecstasy or any other illicit substances, they quickly get addicted to it when compared to adults.

Other physical and health issues that are associated with drug abuse are:

•Kidney, liver and heart failure
•Red and glazed eyes
•Weight loss or weight gain
•Coughing
•Sweating
•Fatigue
•Running nose
•Dental problems

Changes in appetite:

Teenagers addicted or prone to drug abuse, either eat more or less than they need. You can notice change in their eating habits. You will also notice that either the teen has gained or lost weight. Some other drastic changes that may indicate drug abuse in teens are, change in sleep pattern and hobbies, angry outbursts and clothing style.

Depression, anxiety or moodiness:

Many teens use drugs to feel the high. But they are unaware that using drugs will deal with problems such as anxiety, depression and mood swings. Sudden behavioral changes in teens could be a sign of hormonal changes or it could be due to drug abuse. Pay attention to such sudden and drastic changes in teens, as it could be an indication that they are in trouble and need help from their loved ones.

Neglecting physical appearance:

Normally teens are very conscious and concerned about their physical appearance, grooming, clothing and personal hygiene. Teens who abuse drugs often focus less on their physical appearance. They don’t want to maintain even their personal hygiene and cleanliness. They don’t care about the way they look.

Change in friends:

Teenagers addicted to drugs drop regular old friends. They join new groups of friends. The change in friends and new hangouts, and getting very secretive about the new friends, is a clear indication that the teen is with a wrong group of friends, who will encourage the teen to experience drugs.

Unexplained need for money:

Illicit drugs are expensive. Teens consuming illicit drugs may ask for money quite often, without giving any specific reason. Their unexplained need for money, if not fulfilled, may lead to loss of money from their parents’ wallet, valuables missing from home or borrowing money from friends and relatives. Parents should keep a close watch on their teens, when it comes to money matters.

To detect/confirm drug abuse, use reliable drug test kits:

On discovering your teen abusing illicit drugs, you can prevent situation from worsening, by detecting/confirming drug abuse in the privacy of your home, by using reliable, accurate, fast and FDA-approved drug test kits.

How to Safely Remove Paint Transfer From a Vehicle Without Scratching

How To Properly Remove Paint Transfers From Your Automobile

It’s been staring you in the face now for weeks. Taunting you every time you walk past your car. Those unsightly red marks on your nice white bumper that just showed up one day when you went to the grocery store. No matter how hard you scrub when you wash your car they never seem to go away! Those red marks are referred to as paint transfers and by following these steps you can finally say, “Good Bye!”, to those unsightly blemishes.

Things You Will Need:

  1. Water Hose
  2. Water Hose Nozzle
  3. 5 Gallon Bucket
  4. Automotive Washing Soap
  5. Automotive Washing Brush
  6. Water Blade
  7. Drying Towels
  8. Automotive Clay Bar
  9. Automotive Clay Bar Lubricant
  10. Automotive Cutting Compound
  11. Automotive Cutting Compound Pads
  12. Automotive Detailing Polish
  13. Polish Pads
  14. Automotive Wax (A High Grade Acrylic Sealer Wax is Recommended)
  15. Automotive Wax Pads
  16. Microfiber Towels

STEP #1: Place enough automotive car wash soap to cover the bottom of your 5 gallon bucket and fill with water using your water hose and water hose nozzle.

STEP #2: Rinse your entire vehicle using the high pressure position on your water nozzle to rinse free any loose dirt from your vehicle.

STEP #3: Using your automotive wash brush and soap to clean your entire vehicle.

STEP #4: Rinse the vehicle clean of automotive soap.

STEP #5: Using your water blade, make long continuous strokes from top to bottom to remove water from the vehicle.

STEP #6: After the majority of the water from your vehicle has been removed with your water blade, use your drying towel to completely dry the exterior of your vehicle, paying close attention to seems and joints where water collects. NOTE: not completely drying your vehicle to hinder the following processes.

STEP #7: After your vehicle has been completely dried, spray the Automotive Clay Bar lubricant generously over the paint transfer area. Immediately after apply the lubricant gently take the automotive detailing clay and gently, using a back and forth motion paying close attention not to apply any undue pressure, rub the clay onto the paint. The automotive detailing clay removes any foreign particles that may have bonded to your paint. These particles can cause scratches and swirl marks during the compounding, polishing and waxing process if not removed. After you have completed the clay bar process use your microfiber to wipe the excess lubricant from the area.

STEP #8: Apply a small amount of automotive cutting compound to your compound pad and place onto the paint transfer area. Gently cover the entire paint transfer area with the cutting compound. After you have covered the paint transfer with cutting compound begin to make quick, circular motion with the cutting pad applying a generous amount of pressure. After the cutting compound has become semi translucent, buff off with your microfiber towel. NOTE: This process may need to be repeated if the paint transfer is still present.

STEP #9: Once the paint transfer has been removed apply a small amount of automotive detailing polish to your polish pad and with tight, circular motions apply to the compounded area until you can longer see the polish. Once you can longer see the polish buff the area with your microfiber towel.

STEP #10: After the automotive detail polish has been buffed clean, apply your wax to your wax pad and in tight, circular motions apply wax to the compounded and polished area. Once the wax has been applied and has turned to a white haze, buff the area with your microfiber pad until all the excess wax has been buffed clear.

NOTE: Generally during a professional detail the entire vehicle will have the automotive detail clay process applied to the vehicle as well as the waxing process.

What To Pack For A Weekend In Las Vegas

A lot of people are lured to the beautiful and enthralling Las Vegas in the state of Nevada. In fact, every year, around 35 million tourists flood the city for the shows, gambling and so much more. Typically, the city is considered to be in a hot climate and many people make the mistake of packing for their trip by taking only clothing appropriate for the hot weather. What they do not know is that Vegas can be actually cool, or cold, depending on the time of the year you visited.

Las Vegas, also known as the Sin City, is surrounded by the Mojave Desert, the reason why most people who have not been here believed that flip flops, string bikini and a pair of shorts are must-have clothing items to pack for their trip. The truth of the matter is that while the weather sees soaring temperatures, it can also get cold in the city like most desert regions.

Fall and spring in the city are moderate as far as the temperature goes with highs ranging in the high 70s or lower 80s. Every year in May, the weather begins heating up a bit and the average temperature can hit around 90 degrees every day. However, by June, temperatures are recorded for days end in 100s. The heat is dry making it seem unbearable to those people who have breathing problems. To make things worse, the concrete and asphalt on the Strip is making this dry heat seem even hotter and dryer meaning the temperature on the sidewalks of the city several degrees higher.

When planning to have a weekend vacation during the three hottest months – June, July and August – you should make sure to limit heat exposure every day especially during times when the sun is highest in the sky and giving out most heat. Often, tourists get cold while having vacation in Vegas during hot months despite the warm weather. Being able to know a bit more about the weather of the city helps you in packing your suitcase better for the weather. The most important thing to keep in mind is that regardless of the season you want to travel in, you should always bring a sweater and appropriate shoes for cold weather most especially during the night. When traveling to the sin city during hot times of the year, include thin tops and pants to keep yourself comfortable.

You also need to bring a scarf or hat as covering for your head. Make sure to bring sun block and sunglasses to protect your eyes against exposure to UV rays. When packing for a weekend vacation in Vegas, bring versatile items you can put on quickly in case of rapid change of temperatures. If traveling to Vegas during winter, don’t mind bringing bathing suits unless you planned of staying in a hotel with heated pools. Being prepared for the climate and knowing the right things to pack can definitely make your vacation in Vegas enjoyable and more memorable.

Earn A Full Or Part-Time Income From Digital Info Products

If you have ever wanted to know how to earn an income working from home then you need to read this article from start to finish. There are thousands of people all over the world that earn a full or part-time income from digital information products.

Just like any other business though it does take some effort on your part, you must treat it like a business. A great advantage is having the freedom to work wherever you like, whether that is from the kitchen table to the deck of a 5 star cruise liner. The choice is yours.

There are many advantages and good reasons to produce digital information products.

Here are just 5 reasons;

1) They are relatively simple to produce

2) The cost of producing them is within just about anyone’s budget

3) You can start today with just a computer and an internet connection

4) You can build a business in your spare time

5) You can sell the product that you create over and over again

Starting your own digital publishing empire is an easy way to start your own business without the massive overheads that are associated with traditional “brick and mortar” businesses.

Most households have a computer and internet access these days, so initial outlay is minimal to get started. Information delivered in PDF format is very simple, even if you have never done it before.

All you need is a free writing program software installed on your computer such as the free one available from OpenOffice.org and you can get started. The sort of products that are popular are ones that provide a solution to a problem or shows them how to do something.

Digital info products can be made and delivered in many different formats, people’s preferred learning medium differs, so you might want to consider the various possibilities.

This may be dependent on the subject that you choose, some will be better presented in a written format, while others lend themselves better to being visual. For example skill based information is often better delivered visually so the viewer can see and follow the instructions being provided.

While an information product about how to clear blocked drains would probable be better delivered in a written format.

Audio is great for those wanting to learn on the move, whilst travelling to their destination. Other learn better visually through video, pictures and diagrams. Consider these aspects when creating information products and how you will deliver them.

Digital info products are very versatile, they can be sold or given away from a website, you can even create work in kindle format and publish your work through Amazon.

How to Make $100 an Hour – The Simple Secret to Earning Great Money Online (Fast, Fun and Free!)

Who else is looking to build a business around doing something you truly love… while simultaneously earning a great living to boot? Are you motivated by contribution as much as cash? Progress as much as profit? If you truly feel a compelling craving to CREATE a community of passionate people who you can truly help succeed, you already have the very BEST business model in the world in mind.

The truth is, if you can coach, teach or train people in an area that you already excel, and simply share valuable information that helps makes their lives better, you’ve got 90% of the puzzle put together.

Where most people drop the ball?

In figuring out how to make a profit from their passion!

In my experience, people go through so many hoops and confuse themselves by making the simple… complex.

If you know what you love, and you are good at it, I don’t care if it’s cooking or credit repair, you CAN make a great business doing what you really enjoy.

Here is the secret:

Making great money as coach, consultant, teacher, trainer, mentor, marketer or PASSION professional is about math, as much as it is about marketing. You need a certain amount of people to be exposed to your ideas, authority and expertise for each income goal you set, and there is really NOTHING more to it than that.

Let’s say you want to earn $150 an hour and you want to work 4 hours a day… 4 days a week.

That is $2400 a week, and while that may SOUND like a lot of money, in this business… as you probably already know, it really isn’t.

The truth is, you only need 16 coaching clients to pay you your hourly goal to hit that number.

Or – 8 who meet with you for 2 hours a week.

Or better yet, while this MAY sound difficult to believe, getting 3 or 4 premium priced clients who pay you several thousand dollars each for higher end coaching or consulting over the course of the month.

Remember, in the real world… a hairdresser, or karate teacher, or computer tech is going to earn 60-80 dollars on average for one client, meeting them in a LOCAL community.

With the WORLD as your stage, why shouldn’t you be able to get at least that much, if not double… if you are really good at what you do… and can literally work from people in every state, and every country in the world?

Here is my basic formula:

I write articles like this one 2 or 3 hours a day.

I force myself to write at a fast clip – 1 4-500 word article every 20 minutes.

Every article I write, over it’s lifetime… generates about 20 visitors to my website.

About a third of those will sign up for my list.

That means, on average (and on the low side) every hour I create content about 18 people join my community.

If I can convert 5% of my community (meaning 95% will buy nothing) to spend $150 with me at some point now or in the future… every hour, mas o menus, I’m creating about 1 new client worth about $150 to my business.

It’s truly about MATH, and not marketing.

The marketing is easy! (the math is the challenge)

Of course, where you can REALLY make a killing is scaling the above with ads, offers, and leveraging the viral nature of the web to get your marketing message out to more people… and using the very same approach on a larger level… building your brand, your blog, your business and your bank account to boot!

Attraction Marketing in YOU: 5 Signs You Are Growing

Attraction Marketing starts with your personal growth. Why does personal development play an important role in your business? If you are solo entrepreneurs, you are the doer for your business. If you are growing, you will improve and of course, your business will have an impact too. I’m integrating personal development into my marketing strategy. Know thyself gives me a positive energy in my life and a creativity for my marketing messages. As you increase your self-awareness, you lead yourself well, and you will find your personal branding.

I have learned about personal development in a year, and hence it has become my internal marketing strategy. Attraction marketing is within me. I use marketing messages to inspire and to motivate people to change. Basically, people resist changing, or they lack of ambition, because they haven’t developed within them.

I would like to share the five signs of WATCH to indicate that you’re growing.

1. Words – the way you communicate will change. I’ve noticed a big difference between me and my fellow marketers which don’t learn personal development. Your marketing message will become alive and inspiring. Your message will bring a positive energy and changes for people who read and hear your message.

2. Attitude – your attitude will change. You will tap into positive attitude. You control how you react towards bad news. You would rather dispel anger feeling. I feel more calmness and peace inside of me. It also changes the relationship with my spouse and my kids better. I try to be more understanding with them.

3. Thoughts – be more careful with your thoughts because your thoughts will direct your life. Choose what you want to see, to read and to hear. I block myself of reading and listening bad news because I don’t want my emotion, and thoughts are influenced by negative news. By reading a personal development book or listening to a good motivational audio, you feed your thoughts with positive input only.

4. Characters – Yes, your characters can change. As you are more aware of yourself, you can choose what characters you want to embrace. Self-mastery is the best because you can control your life, hence you can control your success in life and in business.

5. Heart – what you feel is a matter. Let your heart be moved so your life will change. Listen to your heart and do self-talk to auto-suggest or to expect good things to happen in your life and in your business.

I believe if you have experienced those five signs of WATCH, you will get benefits for your personal life, and you will watch your business grow. People around you will sense positive impact as well.

If you embrace the five signs of WATCH into your marketing strategy, your attraction marketing will come from you. Your marketing messages will never be dull, and you tap the creativity into your business. With positive emotion, positive thoughts and positive attitude, you will have a passion of what you’re doing. You will search, find and equip yourself with necessary skills. People will be attracted to you naturally, because you offer not only a good product or service, but you have values and your business incorporates your personality.

Europe – The Best Way to Explore Your Destinations

Our main modes of transportation consisted of the Eurorail, TGV, Metro and walking. But, as with every other aspect of trip planning, it is important to research because there are numerous options available.

There is the choice of whether to get first or second class train tickets; there really is a difference between the two although in the end, they both get you to where you want to go. With first class the seats are very comfortable, there is leg room and ample space for luggage, as well as drinks are offered by passing porters. We chose this option because of the length of time we would be spending on Eurorail while travelling through three different countries.

However, from Paris to Switzerland, we chose the TGV train system which travels at 320 km hour and often faster. This cut our train travel for this leg of our journey from over six hours to about three hours. We chose not to make reservations which would have been an additional cost, deciding to take our chances on not having to wait. Because we left early for the train station, and because the trains leave hourly, we were fortunate in not having a long wait time.

While in Switzerland we were able to use our Eurorail pass. If we had not had this pass, we would’ve had to purchase Swiss passes for transportation while in Switzerland. Our Eurorail pass also gave us passage on the ferries in both Lucerne and Interlacken as well as the cogwheel trains we took up Rigi Kulm Mountain and Jungfrauloch Mountain in Switzerland.

When we purchased our rail passes, based on the fact that we would be travelling to three countries, we got the three country, seven day pass which was ideal for our requirements although as it turned out, the two country pass would’ve been sufficient since the TGV had to be purchased separately. The cost of the pass is determined by the number of countries you visit and the number of days you are using your pass. Purchasing Eurorail passes outside of Europe is cheaper. The open tour bus in Rome was an additional cost. When we were travelling by train, we had to be aware of what the station before our stop was so we could get our luggage and be ready to leave the train when it came into the station.

While in Paris and Rome, we used the Metro system of transportation or by walking to our destinations. Both Metro systems were quite easy to use and in Paris in particular, almost every station had people available to answer questions. Also in Paris, the route you needed to take to get to the train level you wanted, was very clearly marked on the walls at each fork. While in Rome we only used their Metro system one day and had clear instructions on which line we needed to take and the station we had to get off. In both Paris and Rome Metro systems, the next station is shown overhead on a flashing sign so you are given ample warning.

The only taxi we took while in Europe was to the airport to catch our flights home. We could have taken a shuttle or bus to the train station which, between connections, would have taken several hours. For an early morning flight, and with the difficulty of having luggage to worry about, the cost of a taxi was well worth the extra money spent.

Before travelling, make sure to research, plan and organize so that things will go as smoothly as possible and time isn’t wasted trying to get information when that time could be spent travelling and getting to your point of destination more quickly. This is especially true when your travel time is limited as ours was – three countries, eight cities and other specific areas in just two weeks.

The Paradox of Drug Abuse and Euphoria

One of the most significant reasons that people abuse drugs is for the euphoric effects they provide. While many might argue that people use substances to escape reality, to cope with stress and an unlimited number of other reasons, the fact of the matters is that euphoria makes these things possible: drugs cause people to feel good, even if they weren’t necessarily feeling bad to begin with. Unfortunately, the neurological nature of addiction tells us that substance abuse actually makes it more challenging for people to feel euphoria, happiness and contentment.

How Drug Abuse Works: Understanding the Role of Dopamine

The following is a highly simplified explanation of the processes at work when a person abuses drugs:

1.) Drug is consumed which sends signals to neurons in the brain to release the neurotransmitter dopamine (or others in some cases).

2.) Dopamine binds with specialized receptors and produces a feeling of well-being, contentment and euphoria.

3.) Drugs prevent dopamine re-uptake, essentially leaving the substance in the brain for much longer than would ever occur in a natural environment.

4.) Dopamine stimulates the reward center of the brain, which creates a contextual log of the event to use as cues to prompt the user to repeat the behavior. (This is based on the theory that addiction is a byproduct of an innate evolutionary survival mechanism.)

And with these four steps, the groundwork for addiction has been laid.

Tolerance: Another Evolutionary Survival Mechanism

In order to offset the effects of chemical substances, the central nervous system will make changes to receptors and neuronal circuitry to create a resistance to the drug. This can be accomplished by making fewer receptors available, altering the structure of receptors, limiting or restricting their ability to bind to neurotransmitters, or by “disconnecting” parts of neuronal circuits.

The chemical resistance created by adaptations at the neuronal level means that the user will obtain less and less euphoric effect because the CNS essentially views the drug as an invading foreign substance that interferes with the proper working functions of the brain. Of course, this is exactly what drug abuse is; persistent self-inflicted poisoning.

In order to offset the euphoria-limiting effects of tolerance, drug users will simply increase their dosages accordingly. This prompts more changes in neurons – changes that by this point are becoming permanent for many addicts. Ultimately, these changes only make it harder to feel euphoria and generally lead to depression, thoughts of suicide, feelings of worthlessness and other debilitating emotions.

In fact, feelings that are specific to certain drugs, such as high-energy to cocaine, relaxation to marijuana and joy to opiates, are often reversed as the body becomes tolerant to the drugs that cause these responses. This is especially true when an addict suddenly stops using; by forcing drugs into their bodies for so long, they have effectively developed a tolerance to the very feelings they sought to achieve with their substance abuse in the first place.

To summarize, drug abuse can destroy a person’s ability to feel good. And because addiction often comes with repeated relapse events, each successive period of active drug addiction results in additional, permanent changes within the brain – changes that can have a lasting effect on the emotional and mental well-being of the user for the rest of their lives.

This isn’t information to be used as a scare tactic to keep people away from drugs; it’s nothing more than science expressed. People take drugs to feel good, but once addicted those feelings become harder and harder to achieve, even long after active drug use has stopped. This is why it is absolutely critical that if you or someone you love is abusing drugs, they must stop now. With each passing day and each successive “high,” the one thing that they seek – happiness – becomes more difficult to come by; often leading to personal disaster.

The ultimate paradox of drug abuse is that it robs from you what you seek from it.